The specificity of the modern labour market in PolandJournal: University Economic Bulletin (Vol.1, No. 33)
Publication Date: 2017-03-22
Authors : Maria Miczyńska- Kowalska;
Page : 135-142
Keywords : labour market; economic crisis; unemployment; employment; forms of counteracting unemployment.;
The aim of this article is to present the situation of the labour market in Poland as an example. The article presents the specifics of the labour market in Poland facing the economic crisis,(called the Great Recession, which took place in 2008) and in later years, up to 2015. The study used an analytical and synthetic method as well as a secondary analysis. It contains an analysis and a synthesis regarding the labour market in Poland in the period under review and shows the country's efforts to reduce the level of unemployment as well as the improvement of the Polish labour market's situation by 2015, as indicated by the employment rate in Poland (which is currently only 2.6 percentage points lower than in the EU). The article stresses that the state policy pursued during the economic crisis, as well as in later years, helped to reduce the level of unemployment. It points out that (during the crisis and in later years) the categories of workers that were the most vulnerable to unemployment were young people, especially first job seekers, the elderly aged 60 or more, women, as well as people without profession with a low level of education. In contract, factors that reduced the risk of long unemployment included: higher education, investing in knowledge, active job search, mobility, openness to new forms of employment, including the use of temporary work services, as well as flexible forms of employment.
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