“One Belt - One Road” And Prospects Of Georgia's Transport CorridorJournal: Innovative Economics and Management (Vol.IV, No. 2)
Publication Date: 2017-05-30
Authors : PAATA AROSHIDZE;
Page : 285-292
Keywords : One Belt - One Road; China; Georgia; Transport Corridor; Trade Agreement;
By the end of 2014, the central government of China declared the readiness to develop “alter of the Great Silk Road" – “One Belt - One Road". According to this project, China will economically be connected to Europe, the central and South-West Asia, Africa and Australia. The goal of this project is to export technology and "know-how" from China, high-speed railways, infrastructure development and service delivery to the whole world. Instead China will be able to import agricultural, health care and energy products, also other important commodities that are essential for China. The modern version of the “Great Silk Road” has the serious basis to fully change the global economic landscape. China from "World Factory" will become the main exporter of technologies and techniques, "World Trade Center" and the main hub of central electronic trade. "One Belt - One Road" will not only increase cargo turnover between China and the rest of the world, but also will make it possible to exchange experience between Europe and Asia. The project includes the following directions: 1. China-Central Asia-Russia-Europe (with the Baltic Sea); 2. China-Central Asia-West Asia-Persian Gulf-Mediterranean Sea; 3. China-North-East Asia-South Asia-India Ocean. The international economic corridors are planned to be created in these directions of: "China-Mongolia-Russia", "China-Central Asia-West Asia", "China-Indochina", "China-Pakistan", "Bangladesh-India-China" and "China-Mediterranean Sea". Implementation of this project is important for Georgia, because the economic corridor of China-Mediterranean Sea borders the territory of Georgia and the country's favorable geopolitical location can be used in this context. It should particularly be noted that in May 2017, the Free Trade Agreement was signed between Georgia and China, and China expressed readiness to establish an international bank in Georgia with a capital of 1 billion US dollars. Especially important is the prospect of the use of marine ports of Georgia. On the official map, which includes the project “One Belt - One Road” the Deep Sea Port of Anaklia is marked. It can be said that the new project of China will give a new possibilities to the transit function of Georgia, which will facilitate the country's geopolitical strategy and should be the basis for political security and economic growth of the country.
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