EVALUATION OF QUALITY OF THE ENVIRONMENT METHOD OF PHYTOINDICATION IN KHARKIVJournal: Young Scientist (Vol.7, No. 4)
Publication Date: 2019-04-01
Authors : Grin Svetlana Losminskaya Elina Goncharova Darya;
Page : 12-15
Keywords : phytodynamic method; environment; ecosystem; analysis; biocenosis;
The use of phytoindication to assess the quality of the environment and its impact on individual growing organisms, plants, namely their composition and development, reflect the comprehensiveness of anthropogenic impact, the determination of indicators on the state of organisms and biocenoses in natural conditions. Phytoindicators are species, groups of species or communities, according to different indicators that judge the quality of ecosystems. Among the methods for analyzing the ecological state of water bodies, the phytoindication method occupies one of the most important places. It is based on the ability of certain types of plant organisms to show the degree of pollution by their development and existence, and they also show the environmental conditions that have developed as a result of man-made pollution. The main task of phytoindication is to determine the state of the ecosystem, through the analysis of plant activity, using botanical indicators that are very diverse. Plants interact with certain environmental factors and can be used to evaluate them. In our time, the state of the ecosystem has deteriorated dramatically. In the course of studying the phytoindication method, data from the city statistics department, reserves, local history museum, and materials of its own research were used. Changes in the physiological, physicochemical, biochemical, genetic, morphological, or immune systems occur in the organism of living beings that have come under the influence of pollution. This is due to a flaw in the control structure of environmental protection. Determination of the procedure for determining the toxicity of the environment with the help of test objects, which are a warning signal of danger depending on which substances and in what combination cause changes in vital functions. For an accurate assessment of environmental parameters using standardized responses of living organisms. In this work, the application of the phytoindication method, which is very informative in terms of determining the direct response of an ecosystem to anthropogenic impact, is considered in more detail.
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Last modified: 2019-06-05 18:08:16