EMOTIONAL STRESS OF SURGICAL AND ONCOLOGICAL PATIENTS: PERSONAL AND SITUATIONAL FACTORSJournal: I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald (Vol.7, No. 4)
Publication Date: 2006-12-20
Authors : N.A. Russina; A.T. Baraboshin;
Page : 15-24
Keywords : ;
Personality and environmental factors determine behavior of surgical and oncological patients during the operation. 38 urgent surgery patients, 31 scheduled surgery patients, 97 oncological patients were designed for personal attitudes, protective mechanisms and coping-reactions in stress situation during an operation. Both the patients who were subjected to a scheduled surgery and oncological patients have similar emotional reactions of suppression emotions and self-control in critical situations in accordance with their psychosomatic status. They have archaic protective mechanisms and uneffective coping-reactions and couldn't be flexible. Urgent surgery patients look like healthy people in situation of stress during an operation. Scheduled surgery patients and oncological patients badly need special psychological correction and psychotherapy before and after operation according to their type of personality and adaptive mechanisms. The correction can conclude training for emotional reactions, overcoming dependence on stereotypes of behavior and thinking and changing of self-conception.
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