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Journal: Навчання і виховання обдарованої дитини: теорія та практика / Traininig and education of gifted child: theory and practice (Vol.1, No. 20)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 82-91

Keywords : Key words: gender; masculinity; femininity; androgyny; giftedness; creativity; temperament.;

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In the paper the interrelation of gender characteristics of the person (masculinity, femininity, androgyny) with talent and temperaments in the typology of D. Keirsey is investigated. The fact of a positive correlation between masculinity and femininity among gifted high school students and lack of links in the control group is established. Also significant differences were found be tween pupils-members of the Minor Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and schoolchildren who do not have academic achievements, namely: participants in the Minor Academy of Sciences competition (both girls and boys) are more masculine and androgynous. Based on the analysis of the ratio of gender characteristics, masculine, feminine, androgynous, undifferentiated and balanced types were identified. Comparison of gender types with the results of the study of academic and intellectual giftedness confirmed the facts: among the gifted children representatives of masculine and androgynous types predominate, while feminine and undifferentiated types are much more often found among children without signs of giftedness. A comparative analysis of the relationship between gender types and types of temperament in the classification of D. Keirsey showed a significant connection between the academically successful NT-temperament and masculine gender, on the one hand, and between academically unsuccessful SP-temperament and the undifferentiated type, on the other. Creativity as a complex of personal characteristics, contributing to creative self-realization, was also associated with androgyny and masculinity. The study also revealed the ambiguous role of femininity in genesis and the structure of giftedness: although femininity has weak positive connections with giftedness, its dominance over masculinity can have a retarding effect.

Last modified: 2019-01-19 00:26:09