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Epidemio-Clinical and Paraclinical Profile of Autoimmune Diseases Treated in the Rheumatology Department of Chu of Cocody-Abidjan

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.9, No. 11)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 726-730

Keywords : autoimmune disease; systemic; rheumatology department;

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Systemic autoimmune diseases (SAD) are increasingly being described in Africa and their clinical presentation remains polymorphic. The aim of this study is to determine the specific epidemiological, clinical, paraclinical, therapeutic and evolutionary aspects in a rheumatology department. This is a retrospective study realized in a rheumatology service of university hospital center (UHC) of Cocody-Abidjan. The results showed that Rheumatoid arthritis was the most representative of epidemiological profile of patients studied with 47.27 %. Cutaneous and phaneromucosal manifestations were present in 44.55 % (n=49) of patients. Systemic corticosteroids with 90, 91 %, are the standard treatment of cases of lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. The general clinical signs revealed 82 cases of weight loss. Relating to the haematological assessment showed that anemia has a strong representativeness with 71.82 % of affected patients. The immunological analysis revealed that 30 % of patients had positive anti-nuclear factors (ANF).

Last modified: 2021-06-28 17:16:04