Significance and Utilities of Routine Urine Analysis by Screening to Detect the Underlying DiseasesJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.2, No. 8)
Publication Date: 2013-08-05
Authors : Ashok Solanki; Heena Mod; Sarzoo G. Desai;
Page : 6-9
Keywords : Urine; Urinalysis; Proteinuria; Hematuria; Glycosuria; Pyuria;
Renal diseases may be discovered accidentally during routine urinalysis. This study was done to find out the significance of urinalysis and study the magnitude of abnormal urinalysis in healthy adults with no symptoms of renal disease. In our set up routine urine analysis should be performed in all subjects to identify the presence of unrecognized renal disease which may benefit from simple therapeutic measures. Because of simplicity, routine urine analysis is the best way in early detection of most frequent conditions like proteinuria, haematuria, pyuria and glycosuria. This is useful in selecting asymptomatic patients with renal disease who may benefit from early treatment or who requires long term follow up. Material and Methods: Healthy subjects between age group of 20 and 55 years of age were screened for routine urine analysis in rural health area by conducting health camp periodically during from May 2012 to April 2013. A total of 1000 fresh morning samples of urine of the subjects attending routine health check up were collected and analyzed by Dipstick method with the help of pathology and health personnel staff. Results: There were 650 males and 350 females. The age ranged from 20 to 55 years. We found urine abnormalities in total 19.7 % cases. Proteinuria was present in 2.6 % (26 subjects), hematuria in 5.2 % (52 subjects), pyuria in 9.9 % (99 subjects) and glycosuria in 2 % (20 subjects). The study concludes that in our setup routine urine analysis should be performed in all healthy subjects to identify the presence of unrecognized renal diseases which may benefit from simple therapeutic measures. The urinalysis is a frequently used tool in primary care, and abnormal finding is a step to moniter and evaluation of the cause of the disease.
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