Evolution of animal health economyJournal: Scientific reports of NULES of Ukraine (Vol.3, No. 91)
Publication Date: 2021-07-15
Authors : M. O. Zhukovskyi V. V. Nedosekov;
Page : 8-8
Keywords : animal health economy; animal husbandry; economic efficiency of veterinary measures;
The article study the foundation, stages of formation and development of the animal health economy. The main scientific schools and their contribution to the development of animal health economics are highlighted. It is established that the economics of animal health is a dynamic and relatively new field of research, currently little explored are economic tools that cover the problems of animal health and the functioning of the veterinary service. Currently, new priority areas for the development of animal health economics are the study of the economics of livestock systems and animal health problems due to the impact of these systems, in particular transboundary emergent animal diseases. Undoubtedly, one of the main criteria for sustainable livestock is animal welfare and biosecurity, which are priorities of the "One World, One Health" concept established by the FAO, OIE and WHO Triumvirate in 2009. It is the consolidation of these criteria and the laws of economics will ensure the sustainable development of animal husbandry. It is extremely necessary to establish its own scientific school, which will take into account the world experience, realities and features of veterinary medicine and animal husbandry and be implemented in modern science and livestock production of Ukraine. Since Ukraine has for many years stood aside from the development of such areas of economic research as animal health economics and relied on the outdated system of determining the economic efficiency of veterinary measures, which inherited from the planned economy, it is now necessary to start its own scientific school. take into account the world experience and realities and features of the field of veterinary medicine and animal husbandry of our country. In the dynamically developing livestock industries (poultry farming, pig farming) there are already own economic features of veterinary services and animal health management, which do not fully correspond to world trends and promising areas of veterinary management. Therefore, it is already necessary to offer production economic approaches and methods of financing anti-epizootic measures, ensuring the health of livestock, veterinary management, forecasting the feasibility of treatment taking into account the political, social, economic, economic and environmental characteristics of Ukraine.
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Last modified: 2021-07-15 20:02:55