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Journal: International Journal of Advanced Research (Vol.9, No. 5)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 1171-1177

Keywords : ;

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The scalp is the most frequent site of occurrence of malignant tumors. As an area that is generally neglected by the patient and not closely monitored during physical examinations. Plastic surgery has a double interest in the management of malignant tumors of the scalp: it allows oncologic tumor excision and coverage of defects induced. The present study reports 65 cases of giant malignant tumors of the scalp and who underwent surgical management, from January 2011 to June 2019. It included oncologic resection and repair of the defect. The average age in our series was 69.3 years, with a sex ratio of 5.1. Disease duration before consultation was on average 21 months. The location of the tumor was mostly parietal in 75%. The histological types were found in our series: 36 cases of squamous cell carcinoma, 16 cases of basal cell carcinoma, 6 cases of melanoma, 3 cases of trichilemmal carcinoma, 2 cases of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans and one case of sarcoma and one case of adenoid cystic carcinoma . To cover the defect we used: skin graft in 44 cases and by local flaps in 21 cases. 42 patients benefited from radiotherapy and the evolution was marked by a reactivation in 3 cases of squamous cell carcinoma. The management of malignant tumors of the scalp is surgical and consists of two components: surgical excision and coverage. This repair is achieved through multiple techniques, facilitated by the vascular richness of this anatomical region.

Last modified: 2021-08-27 20:18:48