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Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 159-166

Keywords : competence; personality of primary school education; assessment; self-assessment; commitment to self-assessment;

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Introduction. The article considers the issue of rise and development of self-assessment of modern primary school students of the New Ukrainian School, which are one of the most discussed most important factors in the development of the child's personality. The development of sustainable self-esteem is observed in students under the influence of assessing the environment of communication, the attitude of relatives and peers, sometimes subjective, and self-assessment of the student's effectiveness. Various scientists (G. Kostyuk, S. Maksymenko, L. Tereshchenko, M. Smulson, M. Vashulenko, Sh. Amonashvili, G. Tsvetkova, etc.) studied the development of the personality of primary school student, including the influence of assessment of educational activity on the formation. In foreign psychology, the phenomenon of self-esteem has also been under close scrutiny by scientists (K. Levin, K. Rogers, W. James). Purpose. The aim of the article is to consider the issue of rise and development of self-esteem in primary school students. Methods. Observation, psychological and pedagogical analysis, analogy, induction and deduction, comparative analysis, survey were used. Results. A key change for students of modern primary school (New Ukrainian School) is the reorientation of the educational process not to the acquisition of theoretical knowledge, but to the development of competencies  NUS focuses not on the amount of knowledge acquired, but on students' ability to use it. It should be noted that today's student assessments are confidential information and should not be disclosed or disclosed by the teacher to other students or parents in the classroom to humiliate students or vice versa to create unhealthy competition. Confidentiality helps to reduce students' stress, prevent bullying and create a comfortable educational environment in which the student compares himself with his own previous achievements, and not with others. This approach should help to improve the microclimate in the team, the development of healthy competition based on the manifestation of students' strengths, comparing themselves with others in the format of rating tables. An important change is the emphasis on the activity approach to learning, which provides a priority of practical training during educational activities, reducing time in theory. According to the concept of NUS, this can be realized through project-based and integrated learning  that the student masters the topic through the study of various disciplines, gets a comprehensive and holistic understanding of the world. Conclusion. Erroneousness and haste in assessing the educational activities of primary school students can lead to the development of inadequate self-esteem and negatively affect their further success. Modern Ukrainian education is changing dramatically in order to ensure the harmonious development of students' personalities. Among other things, teachers of the New Ukrainian School solve the problem of evaluating the educational activities of primary school students, as they are student-oriented, regulate the transition from authoritarian teaching style to partnership pedagogy, and establish trusting relationships between teacher and student.

Last modified: 2022-06-08 15:32:07