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Features of the process of adaptation to life under the war conditions in visually impaired persons

Journal: Bulletin of Postgraduate education: collection of scientific papers. Series "Social and Behavioral Sciences; Management and Administration" (psychological, economy, public administration). Category «B» (Vol.27, No. 56)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 30-42

Keywords : psychological adaptation; ability to cope with stress; coping strategies; stress resistance; war conditions; traumatic events; visually impaired persons;

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Abstract

The article analyzes the results of an empirical study of the psychological aspects of adaptation of persons with visual impairments in war conditions. The sample of respondents is characterized, and the quantitative and qualitative analysis of the results of the experiment ascertainment stage is presented. It is about the problems of adaptation as a functional possibility of the individual, the determining factors of the social and psychological adaptation process, and the states of mental adaptation of the individual in the social environment. Theoretical studies indicate that the adaptation of the individual is a complex and individual process, especially in war conditions because the way of adaptation is survival with limited resources. The main difficulties of adaptation during the war are related to a person's need to change the usual way of life, and the psychological state may be incompatible with a peaceful life. The phenomenology of the adaptation process does not bypass the phenomenon of stress resistance as an integrative property of the individual, which is related to his coping strategies. An empirical study of the problem of adaptation in visually impaired persons in war conditions was conducted. The main criterion for conducting a comparative analysis of the features of personality adaptation in war conditions was the indicators of visual impairment/absence of visual impairment in the surveyed respondents. Empirically, it has been found that in war conditions, visually impaired people experience changes in their level of values and meanings, and their level of life satisfaction deteriorates. It was recorded that in both groups of respondents there are respondents who showed a level of absolute dissatisfaction with life, which may be a reaction to recent traumatic events. It was established that visually impaired respondents demonstrate more adaptive emotional coping strategies, compared to those who do not have such impairments, and they believe that there is a way out of any crisis. With the help of the student's t-test statistical tool for independent samples, statistically significant differences were established between the levels of stress resistance and the level of dissatisfaction with life in the groups of respondents depending on the presence of visual impairment

Last modified: 2024-02-21 17:55:05