PHYSICAL REHABILITATION FOR HYPERAC-TIVITY IN CHILDREN OF DIFFERENT AGE GROUPSJournal: Art of Medicine (Vol.3, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2019-02-26
Authors : I.K. Churpiy M.V. Fitsych;
Page : 168-172
Keywords : hyperactivity of a child; massage; physical therapy; physical rehabilitation;
Hyperactivity is a condition in which the activity and excitability of the child exceeds the norm, the processes of excitation prevail over the processes of inhibition. The most obvious sign of hyperactivity is behav-ioral problems. It manifests itself in excessive, disorderly and chaotic physical movements and a quick change in behavior. Behavioral characteristics of children with hy-peractivity are reduced on average in 70% of cases before anxiety, of which 50% falls on neurological habits and 20% are sleep problems. This article distinguishs between the two most striking signs of hyperactive children, namely chaotic movements and lack of attention, and discloses theoretical and practical relationship with physical rehabilitation. The purpose of our research was to study the ef-fects of physical rehabilitation, namely, massage and passive therapeutic physical culture on the behavioral and physiological state of hyperactivity in children. Research methods. In the course of this study, 40 children with hyperactivity were examined and divided into two groups. The first group was psychological-pedagogical correction. In the second group psychological and pedagogical correction combined with the course of physical rehabilitation. The age ranged from 1.7 to 8 years. These muscle tone surveys helped us to draw the following conclusions about the physical state of hyperactivity in children. The muscles of the trunk, abdomen and chest are hypertonic while the muscles of the upper limbs are in a clearly delimited dystonia. The distal parts of the arm (from the hand to the elbow joint) are in the hypotension, and the proximal ones are in the hypertonic region (from the elbow to the shoulder joint). The muscles of the lower extremities in the distal parts (from phalanges to the knee joint) are hypertonic, and proximal (from the knee joint to the hip) in the hypotension. As for the importance of muscular dystonia with hyperactivity, it does not imply hypotension or hypertonus, as with paresis, but an elementary muscle strength or weakening of it. The main means of physical rehabilitation were a general tonic massage based on classical tricks and a special medical physical exercise that was carried out passively. After conducting two rehab programs for chil-dren with hyperactivity, we received positive dynamics. There was improvement of the intellectual sphere, all children became more attentive in different manifestations, they had better memory, all forms of education became more conscious, tiredness decreased, visual contact appeared, they began to communicate better with their parents, peers, and aggression disappeared. Significant improvement in fine motor skills was also observed: six children deprived of anorexia at night, eight children had no more problems with constipation and in three more, spontaneous salivation disappeared. There was an improvement in the language of children with speech impairment, new sounds and even words began to appear. Muscle tone of all muscle groups has aligned. Conclusions. 1. The revealed problem is urgent and requires the search for effective rehabilitation means aimed at preventing, overcoming or restoring impaired functions and correcting secondary disturbances in chil-dren with hyperactivity of all ages. 2. The conducted research has shown the high efficiency of the complex physical rehabilitation program for children with hyperactivity of different age groups in improving the health status and rise of all indicators of psychophysical development that have been investigated and can be recommended for use in practice.
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