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Journal: International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology (IJESRT) (Vol.5, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 10-13

Keywords : KEYWORDS? Heat transfer; Shell-and-Tube Heat exchanger; CFD.;

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An un-baffled shell-and-tube heat exchanger design with respect to heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop is investigated by numerically modelling. The flow and temperature fields inside the shell and tubes are resolved using a commercial CFD package considering the plane symmetry. A set of CFD simulations is performed for a single shell and tube bundle and is compared with the experimental results. The results are found to be sensitive to turbulence model and wall treatment method. It is found that there are regions of low Reynolds number in the core of heat exchanger shell. Thus, k-ω SST model, with low Reynolds correction, provides better results as compared to other models. The temperature and velocity profiles are examined in detail. It is seen that the flow remains parallel to the tubes thus limiting the heat transfer. Approximately, 2/3rd of the shell side fluid is bypassing the tubes and contributing little to the overall heat transfer. Significant fraction of total shell side pressure drop is found at inlet and outlet regions. Due to the parallel flow and low mass flux in the core of heat exchanger, the tubes are not uniformly heated. Outer tubes fluid tends to leave at a higher temperature compared to inner tubes fluid. Higher heat flux is observed at shell’s inlet due to two reasons. Firstly due to the cross-flow and secondly due to higher temperature difference between tubes and shell side fluid. On the basis of these findings, current design needs modifications to improve heat transfer.

Last modified: 2016-01-06 11:56:39