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Filamentous Fungi in the Moose Biomass of the National Park of the Russian Federation

Journal: International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering Research and Development (IJMPERD ) (Vol.10, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 7089-7098

Keywords : Biomass; Moose Feces; Soil Micromycetes; Filamentous Fungi; National Park;

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Field isolates play a pivotal role in the relationships community of wild animals and insects. Filamentous fungi are able to colonize plant substrates, take an active part in the decomposition of organic residues and the soil-forming process, and also infect wild animals and insects. Mushrooms of the genus Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium, in the process of growing, release many substances and toxins that adversely affect plants, small shrubs and trees. Forest animals have traditionally been viewed as consumers of plants and prey for predators, but recent studies have shown that they can also have a significant indirect effect on fundamental ecosystem processes and biodiversity by eating plants affected by filamentous fungi. The article presents the results of the data of mycological analysis of the moose biomass in plant communities of forest ecosystems in the Lushmar forestry of the Mari Chodra National Park. For the study, animal feces were taken from the upper soil horizon. Extracts were prepared from the biomass and inoculated on Czapek media. In the obtained samples, field micromycetes of 19 species and 6 genera were isolated and identified. Practical results showed that the filamentous fungi of the genus Fusarium were most observed in the moose biomass, which in the study was 70%, Aspergillus and Penicillium 40%, Cladosporium 4%, Mucor and Rhizopus 2%.

Last modified: 2020-12-02 12:56:50