THE USAGE of ADJECTIVES WHICH HAVE NEGATIVE MEANINGS as ADVERBS of QUANTITY in TURKISHJournal: Uludağ University Faculty of Arts and Sciences Journal of Social Sciences (Vol.18, No. 32)
Publication Date: 2017-01-31
Authors : Şahin DOĞAN;
Page : 303-316
Keywords : adverbs of quantity; negative meaning; language-mind relation;
As it is known, adverbs effects gerunds, adverbials and other adverbs in terms of time, place, direction, quality, quantity, reinforcement and question. Adverbs make the meaning of those clearer. It is known that in Turkish has a limited number of adverbs and nouns, adjectives and pronouns are used as adverbs. Adverbs are classified in Turkish grammars as time, direction, manner, quantity and question. In this classification, the adverbs of quantity determine the extent and meter of the word which is signified. In the grammars it is stated that these adverbs are limited in number and en “most”, daha “more”, pek “quite”, çok “very”, az “slightly” are examples of this category, and some other words can be included in this class. The focus of the study is the usage of the words with negative meanings as adverbs which do not have this function originally. In literary Turkey Turkish sentences such as “Kız, oğlana kötü tutuldu.” (The girl is badly in love with the boy) Felaket güzel bir gün” (An awfully nice day) the words kötü (badly) and felaket (awfully) are used as adverbs of quantity. In some sources, these usages are labelled as incoherent, however they can be witnessed form the old periods of Turkish language. In the present study, these structures which are used to make the expression more vivid are analyzed and the examples from old Turkish to Turkey Turkish are given. The transfers among word classes are shown with reference to adverbs of quantity.
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