THE COMBINATION OF INTERACTIVE FORMS OF EDUCATION AND MULTIMEDIA TECHNOLOGIES ON THE «PEDIATRIC STOMATOLOGY» COURSE OF THE EDUCATIONAL AND SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTE OF THE POST-EDUCATION IVANO-FRANKIVSK NATIONAL MEDICAL UNIVERSITYJournal: Art of Medicine (Vol.3, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2019-02-26
Authors : Yu.B.Bodnaruk;
Page : 173-175
Keywords : pediatric dentistry; multimedia technologies; interactive forms of training; method of cooperative groups;
Professional lifeof a doctorinvolves a constant self-improvement and self-education, aswellas collaborative cooperation with other colleagues-specialists in the form of communication, consultations, medical meetings, conferences, etc. That is why the obtaining the mentioned aboveabilities by doctors-internsis a very important element of medical education. At the course «Pediatrics Dentistry» the doctors-interns of the intramuralcycle of the 2nd year of study, specialty «Dentistry», according to the calendar-thematic plan, study lesions of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity in children (7 academic hours of practicalt raining and 2 academic hours of seminar training). It is necessary to note that this section of dentistry is quite complicated for perception and requires the listener tomaster the material and to perceive the elements of the pathology of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity visually, as they are quited iversein forms, manifestations, etc. To choose a correct thematic patient for the practical lessonis a rather difficult task. It is necessary to study the manifestations of mucosal diseases of the oral cavity, using photographs from atlases, text book sorow narchive of photo-and video-materials of the teacher. For the seminar lesson, the doctors-intern straditionally prepare reports, which should be defendedin the class (for the teacher and colleagues); aswell asanswer the questions asked, that is, to participate in the discussion on a given theme.The seminarlesson is performed according to such a scheme. In the previous practical lesson, the teacher form scooperative groups or invitesinternsto for msuch groups by them selves according to their psychological sympathies as to facilitate the work in the group. Each of them has a task, according to the list of topics of the abstracts of methodological development. Inadditionto a report in their group, the doctors-interns should participate in reports from other groups – to comment, identifyerr or sandad viseonho wtore solve them, ask questions, discuss possiblealternativesto per-formance of treatment, and offer the irown treatment methods with justificati on of their feasibility in this clinical case. Evaluationis carriedout according to certain criteria, but the mark is given to the group, and not individually to the person; this allow seach group to allocate points between themselves depending on the contribution to the collaborative work. The results of using the combination of interactive learning technology by the method of cooperative groups and multimedia at the «Pediatric Dentistry» course with 2ndyear doctors-internss howedan increase in the level of mastery of the material and motivation to study or revise the material, the tendency to form skills to communicate and work collectively, to formulatec or rect questions to the colleag ues or to make comments to them, to fairlyevaluate the work of eacho ther, which inturn promotes the improvement of professional skills through the prism of mutual support. There fore, we considerate expedient to use the combination of multimedia technologies and interactive learning using a method of cooperative groups in the process of training a future highly skilled dentist.
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